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Red Hot Chili Peppers


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Red Hot Chili Peppers is an American funk rock band, formed in Los Angeles in 1983. The group's musical style fuses traditional funk with elements of other genres, including punk and psychedelic rock. The band consists of founding members Anthony Kiedis (vocals) and Michael "Flea" Balzary (bass), alongside longtime drummer Chad Smith and guitarist Josh Klinghoffer.
The band's original line-up featured guitarist Hillel Slovak and drummer Jack Irons, albeit not playing on the debut album, The Red Hot Chili Peppers. Cliff Martinez was the drummer for the first two records, filling in for Irons, and guitarist Jack Sherman played on the first only. Slovak performed on two albums with the band, Freaky Styley and The Uplift Mofo Party Plan; he died of a heroin overdose in 1988, resulting in Irons' departure. Former Dead Kennedys drummer D.H. Peligro briefly replaced Irons before the band found a permanent replacement in Smith. Guitarist John Frusciante replaced Slovak. The line-up of Flea, Kiedis, Frusciante and Smith was the longest-lasting, and recorded the band's fourth, fifth, seventh, eighth and ninth albums, Mother's Milk (1989), Blood Sugar Sex Magik (1991), Californication (1999), By the Way (2002), and Stadium Arcadium (2006).
 
Blood Sugar Sex Magik, the group's first commercial success, has sold over thirteen million copies. Frusciante grew uncomfortable with the success of the band and left abruptly in 1992, in the middle of the album tour. His use of heroin increased. After recruiting guitarist Arik Marshall to complete the tour, Kiedis, Flea, and Smith employed Dave Navarro of Jane's Addiction for their subsequent album, One Hot Minute (1995). Although commercially successful, the album failed to match the critical or popular acclaim of Blood Sugar Sex Magik, selling less than half as well as its predecessor. Navarro left the band shortly after the album's release. Frusciante, fresh out of drug rehabilitation, rejoined the band in 1998 at Flea's request. The reunited quartet returned to the studio to record Californication (1999), which sold fifteen million copies the band's most commercially successful album. That album was followed three years later by By the Way, which was also successful. In 2006, the group released the double album Stadium Arcadium, their first number one album in America. After a world tour, the group went on an extended hiatus. Frusciante announced he was amicably leaving the band to focus on his solo career. Josh Klinghoffer, who had worked both as a sideman for the band on their Stadium Arcadium tour and on Frusciante's solo projects, joined as lead guitarist. The band have finished their tenth studio album, I'm with You, which is to be released in August 2011.
 
The Red Hot Chili Peppers have won 7 Grammy Awards. The band has sold over 65 million albums worldwide, charting nine singles in the Top 40 of the Billboard Hot 100 (including three in the Top 10), five number one singles on the Hot Mainstream Rock Tracks chart, and they currently hold the record for most number one singles on the Alternative Songs chart at twelve.

The discography of the Red Hot Chili Peppers, a Los Angeles, California-based rock band, consists of ten studio albums, two live albums, three compilation albums, one EP, two box sets, four video albums, forty singles, and forty music videos.
 
The Red Hot Chili Peppers released their first three albums to virtually no commercial success during the mid to late 1980s. It was not until their fourth album, 1989's Mother's Milk, that the band received critical attention when the album peaked at number fifty-two on the Billboard 200. After releasing Blood Sugar Sex Magik in 1991, the Chili Peppers broke into the mainstream. The album went on to sell over seven million copies in the United States thirteen million worldwide and became a foundation for alternative rock in the 1990s. John Frusciante quit the band shortly thereafter, and the band hired Dave Navarro and released One Hot Minute in 1995. While the album was a sizable hit, it failed to match the success of its predecessor Blood Sugar Sex Magik. Frusciante rejoined the Chili Peppers in 1998, and they released their seventh album, Californication, in 1999, which was followed by By the Way (2002) and Stadium Arcadium (2006). Stadium Arcadium spawned three straight No. 1 hit singles including "Dani California", which spent a total of 14 straight weeks at No. 1. The band entered the studio in September 2010 to record their tenth album, and their first with guitarist Josh Klinghoffer. Recording was completed in March 2011 and the album, titled I'm with You, will be released August 29, 2011.
 
To date, the Red Hot Chili Peppers have sold over 65 million albums worldwide. The band currently holds the all-time record for the most U.S. No. 1 singles on alternative radio with a total of 12. They have been nominated for six Grammy Awards including the Grammy for Album of the Year for Stadium Arcadium.

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